Glossary of Software Testing Terms:
This glossary of software testing
terms and conditions is a compilation of knowledge, gathered
over time, from many different sources. It is provided as-is
in good faith, without any warranty as to the accuracy or
currency of any definition or other information contained
herein. If you have any questions or queries about the contents
of this glossary, please contact
Project Realms directly.
Quality Assurance (QA)
The activity of providing evidence needed to establish confidence
among all concerned, that quality-related activities are being
performed effectively. All those planned or systematic actions
necessary to provide adequate confidence that a product or
service will satisfy given requirements for quality.
Quality Assurance consists of planning, coordinating and other
strategic activities associated with measuring quality (process-related
activities). Also includes quality checkpoints to ensure the
project quality is maintained and the methodology is being
A feature or characteristic that affects an item's quality.
A systematic and independent examination to determine whether
quality activities and related results comply with planned arrangements
and whether these arrangements are implemented effectively and
are suitable to achieve objectives.
Quality Control (QC)
Quality Control is the operational techniques and activities
used to fulfill requirements to ensure quality (testing activities).
Resource, risk and application time-to-market are often in conflict
as IS teams strive to deliver
quality applications within their budgetary constraints. This
is the quality conundrum.
That aspect of the overall management function that determines
and implements the quality policy. Direction and control with
regard to quality generally includes the establishment of the
quality policy and quality objectives, quality planning, quality
control, quality assurance and quality improvement.
The overall intentions and direction of an organization as regards
quality as formally expressed by top management.
The organizational structure, responsibilities, procedures,
processes, and resources for implementing quality management.
A question. Often associated with a SQL query of values in a
Incurred when the device, which a program wishes to use, is
already busy. The program therefore has to wait in a queue to
obtain service from that device.
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